The advent of the Australian Curriculum with its general capabilities signals a significant shift in the position of values-related education in the school curriculum. Until this time many have viewed values education as belonging either in the domain of the personal; for example, in subjects called 'Personal Development', or in the realm of Civics and Citizenship education. The integration of a values perspective into curriculum disciplines via particular general capabilities, positions values as an essential and relevant aspect of every part of schooling. Values education is not a discrete program or part of an implicit hidden curriculum; it is a central principle underpinning the school curriculum offerings, the curriculum design, pedagogy, content and assessment.
A longitudinal study in the USA has examined how four primary school principals revised their concepts of curriculum leadership in response to a changed policy environment – Educational Administration Quarterly.
Over the last few decades, transient strategies in business management have later passed on into school leadership literature, following the same trajectory of growth and decline – Educational Administration Quarterly.