The evolving technological capacities of mobile phones invite use for educational purposes. As well as allowing communication by voice and text and capturing still and moving images, recent 'smart phones' allow users to view PDFs, spreadsheets and word-processed files, and possess additional features such as a stopwatch and a GPS. However, mobile phones have usually been seen by schools as disruptive rather than useful. A research project undertaken by the University of Nottingham has explored the use of mobile phones to support secondary students' learning.
A US research project has investigated the leadership styles of principals in schools that are in disadvantaged settings but have low rates of teacher attrition and transfer – Leadership and Policy in Schools.